Quick academic help
Don't let the stress of school get you down! Have your essay written by a professional writer before the deadline arrives.
What is the Van Sertima Thesis? | Yahoo Answers
Ivan’s overwhelming evidence struck at the Achilles Heel of racist scholarship — who discovered the Americas? Who contributed to science? Who created civilization? Unwilling to confront his challenges to everything they breathed, propagated and profited from, many of his critics scurried away. Others still lurk around.
Ivan Van Sertima evidence to prove African presence in Olmec Civilization
Different scholars have written about the African presence in America and Mexico. They have adopted different theories to support their various arguments. Ivan Van Sertima is such a scholar, and is the focus of our discussion. The paper delineates on his evidence to prove the presence of Africans in the Olmec Civilization.
Sertima as depicted form his book published in the year 1977 is confidence as he states that Africans arrived in America way back before Columbus. He argues that Africans arrived in United States in two ways. The first category of Africans to go to America was the ancient Nubians and Egyptians. They Egyptians arrived in 1200 BCE while the Nubians went to Gulf of Mexico around 800 BCE (Sertima, 2009). According to Sertima, they carried with them writings and their pyramid building; things that they were practicing in their home countries. Centuries later, another wave of Africans (Mande people from the west of Africa) migrated to Panama, Mexico, Colombia, Ecuodor, Peru and other areas of the Caribbean islands.
The Olmec stone heads is one of the strongest evidence presented by Sertima in his argument that indeed these African communities were in Mexico and America (Aidi, 2014). The stones have features as well as linguistic attributes that trace them to this cultural practice of the African people. The traits and techniques on these stones closely link to the Egyptian-Nubian world.
Further evidence adduced by Sertima that links presence of African in the America is the writings of Columbus. Sertima argues that through the writings, inhabitants of Hispaniola island currently Dominican Republic and Haiti, had told him that people from Africa came from the south and engaged in trading. The trade they involved in was of gold. Some of the samples of the spears were send to Spain by Columbus for testing and there were some level of proportionality of silver, gold and copper alloys that appeared to have come from African Guinea. Furthermore, the son of Columbus named Ferdinand attested that his father had earlier told him that he saw black people in the northern part of America, currently Honduras (Sertima, 2009).
Sertima’s evidence is also built on the conclusion by the archeology society in of America who in 1968 declared that Columbus may not have been the first person to invent/discover America (Aidi, 2014). The Society of America Archeology observed that there might have been new comers or strangers in America who came from the prehistoric time before 1492. These visitors are therefore believed to be Africans.
Sertima also gives evidence from the writings of Columbus that there was trading between the Africans and the Indian people. This is captured in the quote,
The Indians of this Espanola said there had come to Espanola a black people who have the top of their spears made of a metal which they called “gua-nin,” of which he [Columbus] had sent samples to the Sovereigns to have them assayed, when it was found that of 32 parts, 18 were of gold, 6 of silver and 8 of copper (Sertima, 2009).
The word guanine according to Sertima is traced to various Mande languages of the people from West Africa, including the Kabunga, Mandingo, Toronka, Bambara, Kankank, Vei and Mande (Sertima, 2009).
In conclusion, despite the different opinions and arguments raised by scholars about African presence in America, the contribution of Sertima is tangible and insightful. His arguments are supported with evidence, which enhances credibility of the allegations he presents about the presence of Africans in America. Nevertheless, it is important to consider various pieces of work from other scholars to appreciate the argument whether indeed there was African presence in America.
| Yahoo Answers What is the Van Sertima Thesis
by Ivan Van Sertima).
What is even more facinating about this aspect of hidden history of Blacks in America before Columbus is that the Washitaw Nation was known and recognized as a separate, independant Black nation by the Spanish and French, who were in the Louisiana Territories and Texas areas.
There is evidence that one African Emperor Abubakari of Mali used these "almadias" or longboats to make a trip to the Americas during the 1300's.(see, They Came Before Columbus, Ivan Van Sertima; Random House: 1975)
Apart from the vessels used by the West Africans and south western Sahara Black Africans to sail across the Atlantic to the Americas, Nubians, Kushites, Egyptians and Ethiopians were known traders in the Mediterranean.
Topic: Van Sertima Thesis – 113351 | Mike Wissel Music
On a personal note I was lecturing at the American Museum of Natural History and elsewhere on related topics, when They Came Before Columbus appeared and I accidentally became collateral damage to Ivan’s genius. Many in my audiences stated in polite and indirect ways they would have preferred to discuss Ivan Van Sertima’s book. Masses of ordinary people had been galvanized and could not get enough of him. What an incredible educational achievement, and victory for humanity!
I loved my talks with Ivan and Jacqueline over the years. I was so pleased he called my Black Indians “ground breaking” and delighted he was able to use its historical pictures and other evidence in his magnificent Early America Reconsidered.
Why choose our assistance?
As soon as we have completed your work, it will be proofread and given a thorough scan for plagiarism.
Our clients' personal information is kept confidential, so rest assured that no one will find out about our cooperation.
We write everything from scratch. You'll be sure to receive a plagiarism-free paper every time you place an order.
We will complete your paper on time, giving you total peace of mind with every assignment you entrust us with.
Want something changed in your paper? Request as many revisions as you want until you're completely satisfied with the outcome.
We're always here to help you solve any possible issue. Feel free to give us a call or write a message in chat.
They came before Columbus – Dr Ivan Van Sertima ..
[On September 12, 2009 colleagues, students and family members gathered at Kirkpatrick Chapel on the Rutgers University campus for a Memorial Service honoring Ivan Van Sertima, the distinguished anthropologist, historian, linguist and author. William Loren Katz prepared these words about his colleague and friend of many years.]
Ivan Van Sertima Ivan Van Sertima was born in In 1991 Dr
Ampim has written a pioneering book on Black community development and the influence of the current Africentric movement, and he has also written several essays in Egypt: Child of Africa (1994), edited by Ivan Van Sertima.
They Came Before Columbus by Ivan Van Sertima …
Ivan Van Sertima freed us from the shackles clamped on our minds by those who disfigured world history — what a gift to the world. An incomparable scholar, a delightful human being, he will live forever as a poetic freedom fighter armed to the teeth with facts, and dangerous. He joins the ancestors his work sought to rescue from the plantations and reservations their foes constructed. What a reception they must have prepared for him in Heaven!
Ivan Van Sertima : Books,Author Introduction,Biography …
There is evidence that a group of Black African people called the 'Anu' who lived in northern Africa / Egypt and followed the Bear cult (bout 5000BC and back to protohistoric times, see the book, African Presence in Early Asia, by Ivan Van Sertima, Transaction Publications, New Brunswick, New Jersey, USA) they made a series of migrations to Asia.
Ivan Van Sertima was born in ..
I believe Dr. Van Sertima’s research supports his thesis, and one should consult his
book or his illustrated lecture at the Smithsonian Institution.
I am not an anthropologist, but know as an historian that explorer Balboa met African people
How it works
You submit your order instructions
We assign an appropriate expert
The expert takes care of your task
We send it to you upon completion
Average quality score
"I have always been impressed by the quick turnaround and your thoroughness. Easily the most professional essay writing service on the web."
"Your assistance and the first class service is much appreciated. My essay reads so well and without your help I'm sure I would have been marked down again on grammar and syntax."
"Thanks again for your excellent work with my assignments. No doubts you're true experts at what you do and very approachable."
"Very professional, cheap and friendly service. Thanks for writing two important essays for me, I wouldn't have written it myself because of the tight deadline."
"Thanks for your cautious eye, attention to detail and overall superb service. Thanks to you, now I am confident that I can submit my term paper on time."
"Thank you for the GREAT work you have done. Just wanted to tell that I'm very happy with my essay and will get back with more assignments soon."