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Augurate () The office of an augur.

AB - On the basis of differential and density gradient centrifugation studies, the site of the uric acid degrading enzymes, urate oxidase and allantoinase, in amphibia was previously assigned to the hepatic peroxisomes. Using specific antibodies against frog urate oxidase and allantoinase, we have undertaken an immunocytochemical study of the localization of these two proteins in frog liver and kidney, and demonstrate that whereas urate oxidase is present in peroxisomes, allantoinase is localized in mitochondria. Urate oxidase and allantoinase were detected by immunoblot analysis in both frog liver and kidney. The subcellular localization of these two enzymes was ascertained by Protein A-gold immunocytochemical staining of Lowicryl K4M-embedded tissue. Peroxisomes in frog liver parenchymal cells and kidney proximal tubular epithelium contained a semi-dense subcrystalloid core, which was found to be the exclusive site of urate oxidase localization. Allantoinase was detected within mitochondria, but not in peroxisomes of hepatocytes or proximal tubular epithelium. No allantoinase was detected in the mitochondria of nonhepatic parenchymal cells in liver and of the cells lining the distal convoluted tubules of the kidney. These results demonstrate that, unlike rat kidney peroxisomes which lack urate oxidase, peroxisomes of frog kidney contain this enzyme. Contrary to previous assumptions, these studies also clearly establish that urate oxidase and allantoinase, the first two enzymes involved in uric acid degradation, are localized in different subcellular organelles in frog liver and kidney.

Phytochemicals study yielded flavonoids, anthocyanins and sulfurated constituents.
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Absorbent () Any substance which absorbs and neutralizes acid fluid in the stomach and bowels, as magnesia, chalk, etc.; also a substance e. g., iodine) which acts on the absorbent vessels so as to reduce enlarged and indurated parts.

Degradation of uric acid in man

Accurateness () The state or quality of being accurate; accuracy; exactness; nicety; precision.
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N2 - On the basis of differential and density gradient centrifugation studies, the site of the uric acid degrading enzymes, urate oxidase and allantoinase, in amphibia was previously assigned to the hepatic peroxisomes. Using specific antibodies against frog urate oxidase and allantoinase, we have undertaken an immunocytochemical study of the localization of these two proteins in frog liver and kidney, and demonstrate that whereas urate oxidase is present in peroxisomes, allantoinase is localized in mitochondria. Urate oxidase and allantoinase were detected by immunoblot analysis in both frog liver and kidney. The subcellular localization of these two enzymes was ascertained by Protein A-gold immunocytochemical staining of Lowicryl K4M-embedded tissue. Peroxisomes in frog liver parenchymal cells and kidney proximal tubular epithelium contained a semi-dense subcrystalloid core, which was found to be the exclusive site of urate oxidase localization. Allantoinase was detected within mitochondria, but not in peroxisomes of hepatocytes or proximal tubular epithelium. No allantoinase was detected in the mitochondria of nonhepatic parenchymal cells in liver and of the cells lining the distal convoluted tubules of the kidney. These results demonstrate that, unlike rat kidney peroxisomes which lack urate oxidase, peroxisomes of frog kidney contain this enzyme. Contrary to previous assumptions, these studies also clearly establish that urate oxidase and allantoinase, the first two enzymes involved in uric acid degradation, are localized in different subcellular organelles in frog liver and kidney.

Van Esch, Bilthoven, Netherlands (Temporary Adviser) (Rapporteur) NOTE TO READERS OF THE CRITERIA DOCUMENTS Every effort has been made to present information in the criteria documents as accurately as possible without unduly delaying their publication.

Uric acid degradation by Bacillus fastidiosus (1978) | …

The authors estimated that the oceans are supersaturated with methyl bromide to 250%.
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The natural course of gout runs through several stages from asymptomatic hyperuricemia to acute gouty arthritis, asymptomatic periods, and to chronic tophaceous gout (gout with nodules).

Acute gouty arthritis often manifests itself as an acute inflammation in one joint, usually at the base of the big toe. The joint is very tender, swollen and highly painful; it is often red. The acute attack can subside spontaneously within days. If untreated, repeated attacks can occur, and in some patients these continue (during the subsequent years) so that the patient develops chronic arthritis. In these patients, urate deposits can be observed in the ear helices, at the elbows, or at the Achilles tendons, where they form non-tender subcutaneous palpable masses (tophi).

Design of industrial shed, by using STAAD-Pro 2007 which gives results very quickly and accurately.
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Degradation of uric acid to urea and glyoxylate in peroxisomes

Gout is a metabolic disorder that is the most common cause of inflammatory arthritis in men. Its prevalence among adults varies from 0.2 to 0.3 per 1000, and is 1.5% in adult males. The prevalence of gout increases with age and with increasing serum urate levels.

Uric acid degrading enzymes, urate oxidase and …

As both the amino acids and photosensitizers such as acetone,riboflavin, and chlorophyll are known to occur world wide inwater and soil, and this photolysis also has been shown to takeplace rapidly on a silica surface (Cruickshank & Jarrow, 1973),the degradation of ETU to harmless products in the field seemsentirely plausible (IUPAC, 1977).

Degradation of uric acid in man.

Hyperuricemia (high level of uric acid in serum) is a risk factor. Contributing factors are chronic kidney diseases which lead to renal insufficiency, hypertension, use of diuretic drugs, high alcohol intake, lead exposure and obesity. Gouty attacks are precipitated by hypersaturation of joint fluid with uric acid; the precipitated crystals irritate the joint, with the development of acute arthritis.

Uric acid, a nucleic acid degradation product, down …

The samples (e.g., lettuce) were hydrolysed with alcoholic sodium hydroxide overnight, ashed for 2 h at 500 °C (600 °C for oily substances), and ground, prior to digestion with 0.6 N sulfuric acid (Greve & Grevenstuk, 1976; 1979).

Decomposition of nucleic acids and some of ..

The surface generated by this method is accurate in the sense of exactly coinciding with the original contours and smooth with C1 (contour active convex region) continuity everywhere.

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