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Communal harmony and the question of cultural identity
Lecturer in Education (TESOL & Intercultural Communication) within the Manchester Institute of Education with the School of Environment, Education and Development. He holds a PhD Education and a Masters in Ethnomusicology from the University of Manchester and is joint director of the MA in Intercultural Communication and also the Manchester Global Award. He is currently a co-investigator on the AHRC-funded three-year (2014-17) large grant under the Translating Cultures theme, . He has research interests (pursued jointly with Dr Leah Davcheva) in the living in Bulgaria regarding the linguistic aspects of their life stories with special focus on Ladino, as published in Languages and Intercultural Communication and Bet Debora journals. He also has research, teaching and performance interests in klezmer as foregrounded by his joint founding and directing (with Ros Hawley) of the university's klezmer ensemble, The (the only assessed klezmer ensemble in the UK) from which current and former klezmorim perform variously at the Manchester Jewish Museum, and Muslim-Jewish Forum musical event each autumn, as well as for klezmer in words and music events in the Jewish community and in Jewish residential homes in the locality. His klezmer research focuses on the appropriate methodology for teaching such music in the conservatoire context and also the cultural politics of largely non-Jewish music students and members of the wider musical communities playing klezmer - a music rooted in the shtetls of eastern Europe but also with a diasporic presence in the New World, and a World Music current dynamism including a revitalisation in Europe - for largely Jewish audiences for whom the music has often become a familiar unfamiliar.
The "white male effect" refers to the until-now unexplained tendency of white males to fear all manner of risk less than women and minorities. Published in the , this paper reports the results of an empirical study finding that that "the white male effect" derives from the tendency of individuals to form risk perceptions protective of identities they enjoy by virtue of cultural norms that feature race- and gender-differentiation in roles relating to putatively dangerous activities.
Cultural identity essay | Definition Essay
Why do white men fear various risks less than women and minorities? Known as the "white male effect," this pattern is well documented but poorly understood. This paper proposes a new explanation: identity-protective cognition. Putting work on the cultural theory of risk together with work on motivated cognition in social psychology suggests that individuals selectively credit and dismiss asserted dangers in a manner supportive of their preferred form of social organization. This dynamic, it is hypothesized, drives the white male effect, which reflects the risk skepticism that hierarchical and individualistic white males display when activities integral to their cultural identities are challenged as harmful. The article presents the results of an 1,800-person study that confirmed that cultural worldviews interact with the impact of gender and race on risk perception in patterns that suggest cultural-identity-protective cognition. It also discusses the implication of these findings for risk regulation and communication.
The global mecca can be empowering for various cultures as it allows self-representation and on a whole new level. provides a medium where depiction of images and portrayals of self-identity can provide the means in which truism can be established. Global centres allow cultures a distinctive voice to promote awareness and provide public knowledge and understanding of their stories and identities. It also allows for the communication of their relevant accounts and commentaries on issues that are important in preserving the culture and knowledge acquisition of cultural ways - allowing them to retain their diversity. Being in charge of their own media production companies allows control of their , and that are regarded as . When cultures are in control of their own public images they are better equipped to manage and represent their images appropriately without .
The Search for Cultural Identity: An Exploration of …
Global technology has provided the opportunity to redefine along with identifying a place for distinctive cultures. Global social, political and economic networks, combined with common goals, will no doubt enable the emerging empowerment among cultural peoples (Smith, 2000). This is far more advantageous than individual communities or groups coming forward to raise global or local concerns.
The positive side of this discussion recognizes that in the history of mankind, there have been many periods of time when greater communication between cultures has lead to a flowering of creativity. and Italy are cited as prime examples. Diversity has become valued internationally, and is promoted through international organizations. This discourse views the homogenization of societies as necessary to create a “greater niche diversity” (TWBG, 2004).
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Promoting Image and Identity in ‘Cultural …
Smith (2000) believes that globalization began in the , and therefore it is their ideas, , , and lifestyles that are promoted and evangelized throughout the rest of the world. Therefore the tends to supersede all others. The is taken into account, as long as the ‘global’ that is being referred to means the dominant culture. This creates what is known as a mono-culture – one ideology, one culture and a homogeneous pool where society resides (Smith, 2000). – which is not deemed to be culturally neutral, promotes the ideals, ethics and standards trumpeted by the dominant society. This provides finger-tip access to a range of cultures, however, also dissolves cultures into single supermarket brands(Daes, 2004). Those cultures and countries that cannot compete on a global level are left in the dust of the churning harvester of technology created by first-world countries. Developing countries do not contribute to and information building and sharing as compared to developed countries. Therefore, the ones who have the knowledge have the , and therefore the dominant ideologies. Their thoughts and belief patterns are perpetuated throughout society, enabling those who think alike, while crushing those that do not. For technology to level the playing field equal access and equal opportunities must abound in a technological society that is both gender and culturally neutral.
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Why as science furnishes more and more knowledge essential to their well-being do members of culturally diverse groups agree less and less about the risks they confront and the policies best suited for abating them? This project seeks to use science's own signature methods of disciplined observation and inference to identify and solve the "science communication problem" distinctive of contemporary pluralistic democracies.
Social and Behavioural Sciences - Leiden University
Loss of and group identity occur when encourages a . This promotes a homogeneous set of values and beliefs. The adoption of and is seen as many computer-mediated technologies are developed, marketed and processed via western markets. The dominant population and culture of the day determine the next greatest technology along with the next commercialized gadget that will be offered up to the masses and longed for by those who are at arm’s reach of financially obtaining these devices. Kanuka (2008) also cites that e-learning technologies perpetuates colonization by designing curriculum that mimics the cognitive styles of the dominant culture. Not having access to technologies that are present in the classroom, combined with an education system geared toward the dominant society can be a lethal combination for non-dominant cultures. The present education, legal and power structures reflect western ideas and philosophies. These western ideas are easily into other cultures and paradigms with far reaching effects. There is an assumption that the values and ideologies of the "Global North" will provide a suitable framework for the new knowledge economies of the developing "Global South" (Youngman, 2000).
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