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Making amides from carboxylic acids

(Alternativelythis could be looked at as though the name of the has changed to,to indicate the replacement of the carboxylic acid hydroxyl group by an amino,

The carboxylate anion is much more  stable than the alkoxide anion and phenoxide ion.

The reactions of acid anhydrides are rather like those of acyl chlorides except that during their reactions, a molecule of carboxylic acid is produced rather than the HCl formed when an acyl chloride reacts.

Synthesis and properties of new carboxyborate lithium salts as ..

Hence carboxylic acids are much more acidic than alcohols and phenols.

There are four main families of carboxylic acid derivatives – the esters, the acid halides, the acid anhydrides and the acid amides.

In carboxylic acids carbon is sp2 hybridized , and the O – H bond lies in the plane described by the sp2 carbon, eclipsing the C=O double bond.

of lithium carboxylate salts ..

Carboxylic acids are reduced to primary alcohols with LiAlH4, or with diborane in ether solution.

In this configuration it rapidly reacts with HNO2 to give thecarboxylic acid and N2 bubbles.

The dry carboxylate salts are thermally decomposed to produce ketones as primary products, with by-products of tars and heavy oils, hydrocarbons, synthesis gas, and other oxygenates.

An acid anhydride is what you get if you remove a molecule of water from two carboxylic acid -COOH groups.
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CARBOXYLIC ACID Derivatives - Salts and Reactions

Mixtures of reagent-grade calcium carboxylate salts – as well as calcium carboxylate salts from fermentation broth – were thermally decomposed at 450 °C.

CARBOXYLIC ACID Derivatives - Salts and ..

Ka2 is always less than Ka1 (the second carboxyl group is less acidic) since it takes extra energy to overcome the second negative charge being so close to the first negative charge.

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