Call us toll-free

Quick academic help

Don't let the stress of school get you down! Have your essay written by a professional writer before the deadline arrives.

Calculate the price


275 Words


All nitrates decompose when heated and may do so explosively.

Calcium nitrate is used in fertilizers; barium and strontium nitrates are used to color fireworks and signal flares; bismuth nitrate is used in making pharmaceuticals.

Guncotton, fully nitrated cellulose, is used for explosives.

Handling, Storage, and Precautions: should be kept dry in tightly closed containers. Nitrites undergo slow oxidation to the nitrate in air. Aqueous solutions of NaNO2, which are alkaline (ca. pH 9), are unstable on prolonged storage and should be made up fresh prior to use. NaNO2 decomposes in the presence of weak acids with the evolution of brown fumes of N2O3. Since NaNO2 is classified as toxic, oral ingestion should be avoided.

Guncotton, fully nitrated cellulose is used for explosives.

Nitroglycerin is the nitric acid triester of glycerol and is more correctly called glycerol trinitrate.

Yomota C, Isshiki K, Kato T, Kamikura M, Shiroishi Y, Nishijima M, Hayashi H, Hukasawa Y, Yokojama T, Yoneda M, Moriguchi H, Uchiyama H, Shiro T, Ito Y (1988) [Estimation of daily intake of 8 kinds of organic acids, 4 kinds of nucleic acids, ortho-phosphate, benzoic acid, glycerol monostearate, sodium alginate, sulfur dioxide, nitrate, nitrite, mannitol, sorbitol, glycerol and ammonium hydroxide from fresh foods purchased in Japan according to the market basket method.] Journal of the Japanese Society of Nutrition and Food Science, 41:11-16 (in Japanese).

Sodium benzoate is used in the treatment of patients with urea cycle enzymopathies (i.e., hyperammonaemia due to inborn errors of urea synthesis) in order to facilitate an alternative pathway of nitrogen excretion.

Author: Subject: Preparation of Sodium Nitrite NaNO2

McCullough, K. J. and Bessieres, B. 2005. Sodium Nitrite. e-EROS Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. .

Synthesis of adenine from hypoxanthine and nitrite ions
The possibility was examined that nitrogen species less reduced than ammonia, such as nitrite ions (NO2-), might be utilized as a source of amino groups for amino acid synthesis. The reaction conditions are presented in Figure 6 and the results are shown in Figure 7. Nitrite can be reduced to ammonia by zinc, as indicated by the brownish color development on addition of the Nessler reagent. Free ammonia was not detected when hypoxanthine was also present in the reaction. However, ammonia not produced from nitrite, but added to the reaction together with hypoxanthine, cannot be captured by hypoxanthine to produce adenine. Hypoxanthine was able to become adenine only when it was simultaneously present in the aqueous reaction with sodium nitrite and in the presence of a reducing agent, such as zinc powder. An explanation for the observed results could be that any ammonia synthesized by reduction of the nitrite ion was immediately captured by hypoxanthine. However, color developed even in the absence of Zn. It seems probable that the nitrite ion reacts directly with the hypoxanthine to give a nitroso product that is subsequently reduced into adenine. In LC-MS analysis of the hypoxanthine-NaNO2 reaction products, a negative ion of m/z = 134 was detected at elution time 4.7 min. This fits the adenine negative ion. Its amount is 5±0.8% of the original hypoxanthine. A second peak of the same m/z appears when the reaction is done in xylene. Its identification has not been pursued further, but it fits the hypoxanthine imine with ammonia, which is equivalent in molecular weight to the adenine tautomers (). Similar reactions between uracil and nitrite reveal only traces of cytosine (Figure 8), at least an order of magnitude less than the amounts of adenine synthesized from hypoxanthine + NO2-. Therefore, the amination of hypoxanthine using nitrite is a far more efficient process than the amination of uracil.

Kroflic?, A.; Grilc, M.; Grgic?, I. Unraveling Pathways of Guaiacol Nitration in Atmospheric Waters: Nitrite, A Source of Reactive Nitronium Ion in the Atmosphere Environ. Sci. Technol. 2015, 49 (15), 9150-9158.

Order now

    As soon as we have completed your work, it will be proofread and given a thorough scan for plagiarism.


    Our clients' personal information is kept confidential, so rest assured that no one will find out about our cooperation.


    We write everything from scratch. You'll be sure to receive a plagiarism-free paper every time you place an order.


    We will complete your paper on time, giving you total peace of mind with every assignment you entrust us with.


    Want something changed in your paper? Request as many revisions as you want until you're completely satisfied with the outcome.

  • 24/7 SUPPORT

    We're always here to help you solve any possible issue. Feel free to give us a call or write a message in chat.

Order now

Nitro compound synthesis by nitrite substitution or nitration

Cheng, D.; Yuan, K.; Xu, X.; Yan, J. The oxidative coupling of benzylic compounds catalyzed by 2, 3-dichloro-5, 6-dicyano-benzoquinone and sodium nitrite using molecular oxygen as a co-oxidant. Tetrahedron Lett. 2015, 56 (13), 1641-1644.Kroflic?, A.; Grilc, M.; Grgic?, I. Unraveling Pathways of Guaiacol Nitration in Atmospheric Waters: Nitrite, A Source of Reactive Nitronium Ion in the Atmosphere Environ. Sci. Technol. 2015, 49 (15), 9150-9158.


It is sometimes used in medicine as a diuretic.), sodium nitrate (used in making potassium nitrate, fertilizers, and explosives.), silver nitrate (used in the preparation of silver salts for photography, in chemical analysis, in silver plating, in inks and hair dyes, and to silver mirrors.), and ammonium nitrate (Major uses are in fertilizers and explosives).

It is a soft, silvery-white, highly reactive metal

Among the many important reactions of nitric acid are: neutralization with ammonia to form ammonium nitrate, used widely in fertilizers and explosives; nitration of glycerol and toluene, forming the explosives nitroglycerin and trinitrotoluene, respectively; preparation of nitrocellulose; and oxidation of metals to the corresponding oxides or nitrates.

Oxidizing Agents - Organic Chemistry Portal

Sodium benzoate was readily biodegradable under aerobic conditions in several standard test systems: Modified 84% (100 mg/litre; (King & Painter, MITI test 10 days) 1983) Modified 80-90% (50 mg/litre; (Salanitro et al., Sturm test 7 days) 1988) Closed bottle 75-111% (5 mg/litre; (Richterich & test 30 days) Steber, 1989) Degradation assays using seawater as test medium ("natural water") or as inoculum (marine filter material given into a synthetic marine medium) according to an adapted Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) guideline (301B) resulted in a degradation of 85% and 97%, respectively (10 mg/litre; carbon dioxide measurement; 28 days) (Courtes et al., 1995).

Order now
  • You submit your order instructions

  • We assign an appropriate expert

  • The expert takes care of your task

  • We send it to you upon completion

Order now
  • 37 684

    Delivered orders

  • 763

    Professional writers

  • 311

    Writers online

  • 4.8/5

    Average quality score

Order now
  • Kim

    "I have always been impressed by the quick turnaround and your thoroughness. Easily the most professional essay writing service on the web."

  • Paul

    "Your assistance and the first class service is much appreciated. My essay reads so well and without your help I'm sure I would have been marked down again on grammar and syntax."

  • Ellen

    "Thanks again for your excellent work with my assignments. No doubts you're true experts at what you do and very approachable."

  • Joyce

    "Very professional, cheap and friendly service. Thanks for writing two important essays for me, I wouldn't have written it myself because of the tight deadline."

  • Albert

    "Thanks for your cautious eye, attention to detail and overall superb service. Thanks to you, now I am confident that I can submit my term paper on time."

  • Mary

    "Thank you for the GREAT work you have done. Just wanted to tell that I'm very happy with my essay and will get back with more assignments soon."

Ready to tackle your homework?

Place an order