Call us toll-free

Quick academic help

Don't let the stress of school get you down! Have your essay written by a professional writer before the deadline arrives.

Calculate the price

Pages:

275 Words

$19,50

Tips and strategies for teaching the nature and process …

CORRECTION: Perhaps because the last step of the Scientific Method is usually "draw a conclusion," it's easy to imagine that studies that don't reach a clear conclusion must not be scientific or important. In fact, scientific studies don't reach "firm" conclusions. Scientific articles usually end with a discussion of the limitations of the tests performed and the alternative hypotheses that might account for the phenomenon. That's the nature of scientific knowledge — it's inherently tentative and could be overturned if new evidence, new interpretations, or a better explanation come along. In science, studies that carefully analyze the strengths and weaknesses of the test performed and of the different alternative explanations are particularly valuable since they encourage others to more thoroughly scrutinize the ideas and evidence and to develop new ways to test the ideas. To learn more about publishing and scrutiny in science, visit our discussion of .

A hypothesis (plural hypotheses) is a proposed explanation for a phenomenon

Some researchers interpreted the specialised functions of the two hemispheres as different thinking styles. Thus, the localisation of language and the proposed serial processing of stimuli in the left hemisphere were equated with a rational, analytical, logical thinking style, while the preponderance in the right hemisphere of non-verbal, visuo-spatial tasks, together with the proposed simultaneous processing, was equated with a holistic, intuitive, emotional way of thinking. In 1970, in his influential book “The Psychology of Consciousness“, the psychologist Robert Ornstein hypothesised that Western people only use half their brains and hence only half their mental capacity. He argued that people in Western cultures have a well trained left hemisphere, due to the focus on language and logical thinking. They do, however, neglect their right hemisphere and its intuitive, emotional way of thinking. In short, Ornstein equated the left hemisphere with an analytical, logic way of Western thinking, and the right hemisphere with an intuitive, emotional Eastern way of thinking. Thus the traditionally established dualism of intellect and intuition got a physiological foundation based on the differences of the two brain hemispheres. This view resulted in many misinterpretations and incorrect assertions, which were far from the scientific findings. Facts and conjecture became blurred and the two hemispheres of the brain were not only ascribed two different thinking styles, but also two different personality styles. The concept of right brain and left brain thinking, together with the idea of a dominant hemisphere, resulted in the notion that people rely predominantly on one or the other way of thinking, i.e. they rely on either the left or the right hemisphere. It has been supposed that this usage of one or the other half of the brain is reflected in the cognitive style of an individual: a person, who thinks rationally and analytically was said to be left hemispheric. In contrast, a person who processes information intuitively and emotionally was classified as right hemispheric. The hemispheric ways of thinking and of cognitive style became very popular and can nowadays be found in a variety of periodicals, workshops and self-help books. They even found their application in the field of education.

Deduction & Induction - Social Research Methods

Null vs Alternative Hypothesis Scientific method explores the best possible and dependable explanation for a particular phenomenon. Based on the evidences

: In everyday language, the word usually refers to an educated guess — or an idea that we are quite uncertain about. Scientific hypotheses, however, are much more informed than any guess and are usually based on prior experience, scientific background knowledge, preliminary observations, and logic. In addition, hypotheses are often supported by many different lines of evidence — in which case, scientists are more confident in them than they would be in any mere "guess." To further complicate matters, science textbooks frequently misuse the term in a slightly different way. They may ask students to make a about the outcome of an experiment (e.g., table salt will dissolve in water more quickly than rock salt will). This is simply a prediction or a guess (even if a well-informed one) about the outcome of an experiment. Scientific hypotheses, on the other hand, have explanatory power — they are explanations for phenomena. The idea that table salt dissolves faster than rock salt is not very hypothesis-like because it is not very explanatory. A more scientific (i.e., more explanatory) hypothesis might be "The amount of surface area a substance has affects how quickly it can dissolve. More surface area means a faster rate of dissolution." This hypothesis has some explanatory power — it gives us an idea of a particular phenomenon occurs — and it is testable because it generates expectations about what we should observe in different situations. If the hypothesis is accurate, then we'd expect that, for example, sugar processed to a powder should dissolve more quickly than granular sugar. Students could examine rates of dissolution of many different substances in powdered, granular, and pellet form to further test the idea. The statement "Table salt will dissolve in water more quickly than rock salt" is not a hypothesis, but an expectation generated by a hypothesis. Textbooks and science labs can lead to confusions about the difference between a hypothesis and an expectation regarding the outcome of a scientific test. To learn more about scientific hypotheses, visit in our section on how science works.

By now, we know upon which findings the characteristic “verbal for the left hemisphere, and non-verbal, but visuo-spatial and emotional for the right hemisphere” are based. The next characteristic differences of the hemispheres listed in Table 1 concern sequential (serial) processing of the left hemisphere and simultaneous (parallel) processing of the right hemisphere. This idea reflects the widespread – but not generally accepted – model, which says that the left hemisphere preferentially processes fast changes and analyses details and characteristics of stimuli, while the right hemisphere deals with the simultaneous and global characteristics of stimuli. The other hemispheric characteristics in Table 1 (analytical, rational vs. holistic, intuitive) are not very well supported by scientific evidence, and remain rather speculative. Starting from the difference between verbal and non-verbal, more and more abstract concepts and relations between mental functions and the hemispheres were developed. During this process, the ideas about the difference of the two hemispheres departed more and more from the basic scientific results.

Are you a creative and emotional person

Order now
  • UNMATCHED QUALITY

    As soon as we have completed your work, it will be proofread and given a thorough scan for plagiarism.

  • STRICT PRIVACY

    Our clients' personal information is kept confidential, so rest assured that no one will find out about our cooperation.

  • COMPLETE ORIGINALITY

    We write everything from scratch. You'll be sure to receive a plagiarism-free paper every time you place an order.

  • ON-TIME DELIVERY

    We will complete your paper on time, giving you total peace of mind with every assignment you entrust us with.

  • FREE CORRECTIONS

    Want something changed in your paper? Request as many revisions as you want until you're completely satisfied with the outcome.

  • 24/7 SUPPORT

    We're always here to help you solve any possible issue. Feel free to give us a call or write a message in chat.

Order now
  • You submit your order instructions

  • We assign an appropriate expert

  • The expert takes care of your task

  • We send it to you upon completion

Order now
  • 37 684

    Delivered orders

  • 763

    Professional writers

  • 311

    Writers online

  • 4.8/5

    Average quality score

Order now
  • Kim

    "I have always been impressed by the quick turnaround and your thoroughness. Easily the most professional essay writing service on the web."

  • Paul

    "Your assistance and the first class service is much appreciated. My essay reads so well and without your help I'm sure I would have been marked down again on grammar and syntax."

  • Ellen

    "Thanks again for your excellent work with my assignments. No doubts you're true experts at what you do and very approachable."

  • Joyce

    "Very professional, cheap and friendly service. Thanks for writing two important essays for me, I wouldn't have written it myself because of the tight deadline."

  • Albert

    "Thanks for your cautious eye, attention to detail and overall superb service. Thanks to you, now I am confident that I can submit my term paper on time."

  • Mary

    "Thank you for the GREAT work you have done. Just wanted to tell that I'm very happy with my essay and will get back with more assignments soon."

Ready to tackle your homework?

Place an order