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Sapir-Whorf hypothesis: language shapes ‘reality’ | …
A further important consideration concerns the strength of the inducement relationship that a Whorfian hypothesis posits between a speaker's language and their non-linguistic capacities. The claim that your language shapes or influences your cognition is quite different from the claim that your language makes certain kinds of cognition impossible (or obligatory) for you. The strength of any Whorfian hypothesis will vary depending on the kind of relationship being claimed, and the ease of revisability of that relation.
The non-linguistic part of a Whorfian hypothesis will contrast the psychological effects that habitually using the two languages has on their speakers. For example, one might conjecture that the habitual use of Spanish induces its speakers to be sensitive to the formal andinformal character of the speaker's relationship with their interlocutor while habitually using English does not.
Sapir-Whorf and Language’s Effect on Cognition
No one is going to be impressed with a claim that some aspect of yourlanguage may affect how you think in some way or other; that is neither a philosophical thesis nor a psychological hypothesis. So it is appropriate to set aside entirely the kind of so-called hypothesesthat Steven Pinker presents in The Stuff of Thought (2007: 126–128) as “five banal versions of the Whorfian hypothesis”:
The term “Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis” was coined by Harry Hoijer in his contribution (Hoijer 1954) to a conference on the work of Benjamin Lee Whorf in 1953. But anyone looking in Hoijer's paper for a clear statement of the hypothesis will look in vain. Curiously,despite his stated intent “to review and clarify the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis” (1954: 93), Hoijer did not even attemptto state it. The closest he came was this:
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis - Conservapedia
Some advocates of Whorfianism have held that if Whorfian hypotheses were true, then meaning would be globally and radically indeterminate. Thus, the truth of Whorfian hypotheses is equated withglobal linguistic relativism—a well known self-undermining formof relativism. But as we have seen, not all Whorfian hypotheses are global hypotheses: they are about what is induced by particular linguistic features. And the associated non-linguistic perceptual andcognitive differences can be quite small, perhaps insignificant. For example, Thierry et al. (2009) provides evidence that an obligatory lexical distinction between light and dark blue affects Greek speakers' color perception in the left hemisphere only. And the question of the degree to which this affects sensuous experience is not addressed.
Kousta et al. (2008) shows that “for bilinguals there is intraspeaker relativity in semantic representations and, therefore, [grammatical] gender does not have a conceptual, non-linguistic effect” (843). Grammatical gender is obligatory in the languages in which it occurs and has been claimed by Whorfians to have persistent and enduring non-linguistic effects on representations of objects (Boroditsky et al. 2003). However, Kousta et al. supports the claim that bilinguals' semantic representations vary depending on which language they are using, and thus have transient effects. This suggests that although some semantic representations of objects may vary from language to language, their non-linguistic cognitive effects are transitory.
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Sapir whorf hypothesis language and thought
Thus, while Bloomfield understood it to be a sensible practical decision to assign semantics to some field other than linguistics because of the underdeveloped state of semantic research, Chomsky appears to think that semantics as standardly understood is not part of the essence of the language faculty at all. (In broad outline, this exclusion of semantics from linguistics comports with Sapir's view that form is linguistic but content is cultural.)
How Valid Is the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis? – Sample Essays
The tradition was taken up by the American linguist and anthropologist Edward Sapir (1884-1939) and his pupil Benjamin Lee Whorf (1897-1941), and resulted in a view about the relation between language and thought which was widely influential in the middle decades of this century....
Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis - SlideShare
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The Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis Daniel Chandler Sapir, Edward (1921), Language: An Introduction to the Study of Speech, New York: Harcourt, Brace, and Company McLuhan, M (1964), Understanding Media: The Extensions of Man, New York: McGraw-Hill.
Sapir-Whorf hypothesis - Nick Yee
The “pretty patterns” derided here are characteristic of structuralist analyses. Sociolinguistics, which is much closer in spirit to Sapir's project, studies the influence of social and linguistic structure on each other. One particularly influential study, Labov (1966), examines the influence of social class on language variation. Other sociolinguists examine the relation betweenstatus within a group on linguistic innovation (Eckert 1989). This interest in variation within languages is characteristic of Emergentist approaches to the study of language.
Sapir and whorf hypothesis about language | How To …
Emergentists tend to follow Edward Sapir in taking an interest in interlinguistic and intralinguistic variation. Linguistic anthropologists have explicitly taken up the task of defending a famous claim associated with Sapir that connects linguistic variationto differences in thinking and cognition more generally. The claim isvery often referred to as the Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis(though this is a largely infelicitous label, as we shall see).
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