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"Rosalind Franklin." Famous Scientists.

Rosalind Elsie Franklin (25 July 1920 – 16 April 1958)[1] was a British biophysicist and X-ray crystallographer who made critical contributions to the understanding of the fine molecular structures of DNA, RNA, viruses, coal and graphite.[2] The DNA work achieved the most fame because DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) plays essential roles in cell metabolism and genetics, and the discovery of its structure helped scientists understand how genetic information is passed from parents to children.

The chemist who discovered the DNA structure is a woman by the name of Rosalind Franklin.

Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin used X-ray diffraction to study DNA through its images, and it was on April 1953 that they finally published the discovery of the structure of DNA; they discovered how the hereditary information is coded on the DNA as well as its replication.

Rosalind Franklin: Biography & Discovery of DNA …

Rosalind Franklin - Biography, Facts and Pictures

Determined the configuration of TMV and the location of its RNA
•Summer 1954 --First visit to United States; presentations at coal research conference, and visits to many virus research labs
•Summer 1956 --Second visit to United States for conference presentations and visits to colleagues in virus research labs
•Fall 1956 --Diagnosed with ovarian cancer
1958 --Died in London on April 16th When she was 37 she was diagnosed with cancer and died on April 16th in 1958 education Rosalind Franklin Report Rosalind Franklin (a British biophysicist and X-ray Crystallographer) who was born in England on July 25, 1920, she made contributions to DNA, RNA, viruses, coal, and graphite, she died of cancer when she was 37.

There he saw the first "X-ray diffraction pattern of crystalline DNA"
He then met Crick and they bonded over their interest of discovering DNA's structure
After Watson had seen a x-ray diffraction image of DNA (credits to Rosalind Franklin) he learned that DNA was a double stranded helix, rather than three.

On DNA's Anniversary: How Rosalind Franklin Missed …

Rosalind Franklin's X-ray work played a crucial role in the discovery of DNA's structure

Can we get proof?
Hypothesis: xray diffraction will capture the DNA picture, allowing the structure to be discovered Experiment: both Wilkins and Franklin successfully got pictures of a DNA molecule, helping to discover the structure.

after war he began researching the structure of dna with the university of cambridge
awarded nobel prize in physiology & medicine
attended university college london, where he studied physics, graduating with a bachelors of science degree in 1937
What the structure of DNA looked like?
How the structure of DNA accounted for inheritance ?
After Hershey and Chase discovered that DNA was actually genetic material, the next step was to determine its structure and how its structure contributed to inheritance.
Rosalind Franklin:
On April of 1928, James Watson was born in the city of Chicago, IL
) Watson attended the University of Chicago and earned his Bachelors degree in Zoology
) He then received a fellowship to attend Indiana University in Bloomington to work towards a PHD in Zoology
) As a Merck Fellow of the National Research Council, Watson spent his first postdoctoral year in Copenhagen
Spring 1951
) Watson visited the Zoological Station in Naples.

Rosalind Franklin: DNA's unsung hero - Cláudio L. Guerra Digital Theology
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Now known as Meselson–Stahl experiment, ..

Photos of James Watson, Francis Crick, Maurice Wilkens, Rosalind Franklin, Watson and Crick DNA model, and Wilkins and Franklin X-ray diffraction pattern courtesy of Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Library and Archive, James D.

Rosalind Franklin Society - Rosalind Franklin

This was an agonizing task because scientists could only see molecules by shining x-ray beams on them, which then bounce off the atoms and strike a piece of film in various distinctive patterns. At Cambridge University he joined up with Francis Crick (right) to analyze the x-ray data collected by Rosalind Franklin and others. In a sudden burst of insight, Watson and Crick built a model out of brass plates and clamps and other bits of laboratory equipment in 1953. As they worked, they realized that nucleic acids are arranged on a twisted ladder, with two runners made of phosphates and sugars, and a series of rungs made of pairs of organic compounds known as . Years later, they won the Nobel Prize for this frenzy of discovery of DNA's double helix.

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