Call us toll-free

Quick academic help

Don't let the stress of school get you down! Have your essay written by a professional writer before the deadline arrives.

Calculate the price

Pages:

275 Words

$19,50

KW - Riverine barrier hypothesis

In England, engineers designed an innovative movable flood barrier to prevent flooding along the Thames River. Made of hollow steel, water gates on the Thames Barrier are normally left open so ships can pass through. Then, as needed, the water gates revolve shut to stop water flowing through and to keep the level of the Thames River safe.

The Thames Barrier prevents flooding along the Thames River in ..

Plus, there's the problem of the Kaibab uplift, a pinch in the Colorado Plateau where the rocks swell up due to underground folding. Sitting near the head of the Grand Canyon, the Kaibab uplift is a 650-foot (250-meter) barrier that any prehistoric lake or river must have carved through before dropping down into the future gorge. The preserved lake beds show water levels were never high enough to cross the uplift, Dickinson said.

Although the riverine barrier hypothesis has ..

To test the riverine barrier hypothesis, ..

Rivers border the geographic distributions of primate taxa, but the extent to which the rivers are effective barriers is debated. We here provide the first statistically substantiated analysis of the role of rivers as barriers to the distribution of primates in west and central Africa, as judged by the coincidence of the edge of distributions of forest-dwelling primates with rivers. We use data from the literature to analyze the distributions of 14 genera, 44 species, and 77 subspecies around 18 rivers, river groups, or stretches of rivers. Rivers bordered the distributions of more new taxa (subspecies) than of old taxa (genera), although within genera, age of origin of the taxon did not correlate with likelihood of rivers bordering distributions. Fewer taxa crossed wide rivers than crossed narrow ones. Some analyses indicated that more smaller-bodied genera were stopped by smaller rivers than were larger-bodied genera, but other analyses indicated no effect of body size. Genera with smaller geographic ranges crossed a smaller proportion of the rivers that they met than did genera with large ranges, implying a fundamental difference between small- and large-range taxa in their ability to disperse. Specialization might be the operating trait. Finally, although the aridity of the biogeographic gap in west Africa, the Dahomey Gap, is often argued to be the barrier to movement of species across the Gap, we found that for half the primate species that do not cross the Gap, the rivers that border the Gap could in fact be the effective barrier.

Aim: The roles of dispersal limitation and environmental heterogeneity in structuring tropical species composition can be better understood by accounting for dispersal barriers and possible niche differentiation effects. We make ecological and historical interpretations of dissimilarity in avian species composition across a riverine dispersal boundary in the light of environmental characteristics, species and subspecies range limits, and geographical distances. Location: Lowland rain forest, western Amazon River Basin, Peru. Methods: We surveyed all birds and one plant family, collected soil samples and measured forest structural characteristics and fragmentation in surrounding landscapes, at sites to the north and south of the Amazon River flood plain. We used Mantel tests, multiple regression on distance matrices, indicator species analysis and ordination methods to assess the relationships among dissimilarities in species composition, geographical distance, position relative to the river and environmental characteristics. We examined compositional variation for all bird species, for only species without range limits between sites, and for species with and without subspecies limits at the Amazon River. Results: Dissimilarity in avian species composition across the river was large, despite a lack of environmental differences. Most of this dissimilarity was accounted for by species and subspecies range limits at the river. Plant species composition did not show any dissimilarity across the river. Plant species composition and forest fragmentation explained additional components of avian compositional dissimilarity not associated with the riverine boundary and involving different bird species. Main conclusions: The riverine dispersal boundary, floristic heterogeneity and forest fragmentation were associated with distinctive components of avian species compositional dissimilarity, collectively explaining three-quarters of the total dissimilarity among sites. Compositional dissimilarity was consistent with historical and continuing isolation of avian populations on opposite sides of the river, and may be partly driven by niche differentiation between subspecies. Geographical distance as a measure of dispersal limitation would not have accounted for these relationships. The use of rivers in biogeographical region delineation should address their variable importance for different taxa.

Troubled Water | A Daytona Beach News-Journal …

River Thames Barrier

The Netherlands, or Holland, has always battled the sea. With 60% of the population living below sea level, dependable flood control systems are essential. Between 1950 and 1997, the Dutch built Deltawerken (the Delta Works), a sophisticated network of dams, sluices, locks, dikes, and storm surge barriers.

N2 - Aim: The roles of dispersal limitation and environmental heterogeneity in structuring tropical species composition can be better understood by accounting for dispersal barriers and possible niche differentiation effects. We make ecological and historical interpretations of dissimilarity in avian species composition across a riverine dispersal boundary in the light of environmental characteristics, species and subspecies range limits, and geographical distances. Location: Lowland rain forest, western Amazon River Basin, Peru. Methods: We surveyed all birds and one plant family, collected soil samples and measured forest structural characteristics and fragmentation in surrounding landscapes, at sites to the north and south of the Amazon River flood plain. We used Mantel tests, multiple regression on distance matrices, indicator species analysis and ordination methods to assess the relationships among dissimilarities in species composition, geographical distance, position relative to the river and environmental characteristics. We examined compositional variation for all bird species, for only species without range limits between sites, and for species with and without subspecies limits at the Amazon River. Results: Dissimilarity in avian species composition across the river was large, despite a lack of environmental differences. Most of this dissimilarity was accounted for by species and subspecies range limits at the river. Plant species composition did not show any dissimilarity across the river. Plant species composition and forest fragmentation explained additional components of avian compositional dissimilarity not associated with the riverine boundary and involving different bird species. Main conclusions: The riverine dispersal boundary, floristic heterogeneity and forest fragmentation were associated with distinctive components of avian species compositional dissimilarity, collectively explaining three-quarters of the total dissimilarity among sites. Compositional dissimilarity was consistent with historical and continuing isolation of avian populations on opposite sides of the river, and may be partly driven by niche differentiation between subspecies. Geographical distance as a measure of dispersal limitation would not have accounted for these relationships. The use of rivers in biogeographical region delineation should address their variable importance for different taxa.

Sand: From the beach, river or lumber yard - Microscope
Order now
  • UNMATCHED QUALITY

    As soon as we have completed your work, it will be proofread and given a thorough scan for plagiarism.

  • STRICT PRIVACY

    Our clients' personal information is kept confidential, so rest assured that no one will find out about our cooperation.

  • COMPLETE ORIGINALITY

    We write everything from scratch. You'll be sure to receive a plagiarism-free paper every time you place an order.

  • ON-TIME DELIVERY

    We will complete your paper on time, giving you total peace of mind with every assignment you entrust us with.

  • FREE CORRECTIONS

    Want something changed in your paper? Request as many revisions as you want until you're completely satisfied with the outcome.

  • 24/7 SUPPORT

    We're always here to help you solve any possible issue. Feel free to give us a call or write a message in chat.

Order now

The Kostenki - Borshevo region on the Don River. - …

AB - Aim: The roles of dispersal limitation and environmental heterogeneity in structuring tropical species composition can be better understood by accounting for dispersal barriers and possible niche differentiation effects. We make ecological and historical interpretations of dissimilarity in avian species composition across a riverine dispersal boundary in the light of environmental characteristics, species and subspecies range limits, and geographical distances. Location: Lowland rain forest, western Amazon River Basin, Peru. Methods: We surveyed all birds and one plant family, collected soil samples and measured forest structural characteristics and fragmentation in surrounding landscapes, at sites to the north and south of the Amazon River flood plain. We used Mantel tests, multiple regression on distance matrices, indicator species analysis and ordination methods to assess the relationships among dissimilarities in species composition, geographical distance, position relative to the river and environmental characteristics. We examined compositional variation for all bird species, for only species without range limits between sites, and for species with and without subspecies limits at the Amazon River. Results: Dissimilarity in avian species composition across the river was large, despite a lack of environmental differences. Most of this dissimilarity was accounted for by species and subspecies range limits at the river. Plant species composition did not show any dissimilarity across the river. Plant species composition and forest fragmentation explained additional components of avian compositional dissimilarity not associated with the riverine boundary and involving different bird species. Main conclusions: The riverine dispersal boundary, floristic heterogeneity and forest fragmentation were associated with distinctive components of avian species compositional dissimilarity, collectively explaining three-quarters of the total dissimilarity among sites. Compositional dissimilarity was consistent with historical and continuing isolation of avian populations on opposite sides of the river, and may be partly driven by niche differentiation between subspecies. Geographical distance as a measure of dispersal limitation would not have accounted for these relationships. The use of rivers in biogeographical region delineation should address their variable importance for different taxa.

(PJ’s Pachyderm Journey for Precious Jewels and Gold)

Is a semi-utopian infrastructural landscape hypothesis aimed at exploring the possibility of coupling water treatment, public space and urban development.
The projected device follows the functioning scheme of a septic tank, and its main application is to provide a clean body of water for recreational uses.
It settles in Maashaven (Rotterdam), a former piece of (wet) land boarding the river maas where in the 1898-1905 a large basin was excavated to give place to harbour facilities, and it's composed by a series of four different landscapes each one implementing a different sort of water cleansing process.
The therapy to the waters of the Maas is applied only with natural processes that digest the pollution of the river nourishing a biodiverse environment.
Stage A or solid removal chamber
A stone barrier provides the first filtering phase blocking out the gross debris and the wave movement, at the same time, due to the space between elements, a microclimate is created where small plants could grow protected by wind.
Stage B or heavy metals removal chamber
A grid of algae cultivations on vertical supports provides the first phase of chemical purification while offering the opportunity to floating houses, pontoons or other floating programs to settle.
Stage C or fermentation chamber
here artificial wetlands drive the 3rd phase of the cleansing:
different living machines contained by suspended structures implement biophytopurification by means of cleansing plants.
at this stage some productive programs can find place such as small greenhouses.
Further on, the water is pumped up in a series of cascading basins,
this is the stage D or oxygenation chamber implementing a process of forced oxygenation,
fish breeding could take place in these basins to provide entertainment and a playful environment for the inhabitants.
Finally a sand strip (stage E ) gives the last cleaning to the waters of the Maas via the well known slow sand filtration and provides the district with a unique public space where to enjoy sports as well as sunbathing and (eventually) swimming.
The therapy then is not only applied to the body of water, the landscape machine thus descripted should function simultaneously as a purification plant, as public space, and as grid of future development and has the potential to trigger several positive effects for a urban area that's waiting for a new identity such as an increased desiderability and land value
not to mention the potential to clean the greywaters of the new housing development taking place on the northern shore of the basin.

Order now
  • You submit your order instructions

  • We assign an appropriate expert

  • The expert takes care of your task

  • We send it to you upon completion

Order now
  • 37 684

    Delivered orders

  • 763

    Professional writers

  • 311

    Writers online

  • 4.8/5

    Average quality score

Order now
  • Kim

    "I have always been impressed by the quick turnaround and your thoroughness. Easily the most professional essay writing service on the web."

  • Paul

    "Your assistance and the first class service is much appreciated. My essay reads so well and without your help I'm sure I would have been marked down again on grammar and syntax."

  • Ellen

    "Thanks again for your excellent work with my assignments. No doubts you're true experts at what you do and very approachable."

  • Joyce

    "Very professional, cheap and friendly service. Thanks for writing two important essays for me, I wouldn't have written it myself because of the tight deadline."

  • Albert

    "Thanks for your cautious eye, attention to detail and overall superb service. Thanks to you, now I am confident that I can submit my term paper on time."

  • Mary

    "Thank you for the GREAT work you have done. Just wanted to tell that I'm very happy with my essay and will get back with more assignments soon."

Ready to tackle your homework?

Place an order