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Visualizing Long-Term Memory Formation in Two ..

Costa‐Mattioli M, Gobert D, Stern E et al. (2007) eIF2alpha phosphorylation bidirectionally regulates the switch from short‐ to long‐term synaptic plasticity and memory. Cell 129(1): 195–206.

Long-term memory (LTM) depends on the synthesis of new proteins

Spaced training is generally more effective than massed training for learning and memory, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this trial spacing effect remain poorly characterized. One potential molecular basis for the trial spacing effect is the differential modulation, by distinct temporal patterns of neuronal activity, of protein synthesis-dependent processes that contribute to the expression of specific forms of synaptic plasticity in the mammalian brain. Long-term potentiation (LTP) is a type of synaptic modification that may be important for certain forms of memory storage in the mammalian brain. To explore the role of protein synthesis in the trial spacing effect, we assessed the protein synthesis dependence of hippocampal LTP induced by 100-Hz tetraburst stimulation delivered to mouse hippocampal slices in either a temporally massed (20-s interburst interval) or spaced (5-min interburst interval) fashion. To extend our studies to the behavioral level, we trained mice in fear conditioning using either a massed or spaced training protocol and examined the sensitivity of long-term memory to protein synthesis inhibition. Larger LTP was induced by spaced stimulation in hippocampal slices. This improvement of synaptic potentiation following temporally spaced synaptic stimulation in slices was attenuated by bath application of an inhibitor of protein synthesis. Further, the maintenance of LTP induced by spaced synaptic stimulation was more sensitive to disruption by anisomycin than the maintenance of LTP elicited following massed stimulation. Temporally spaced behavioral training improved long-term memory for contextual but not for cued fear conditioning, and this enhancement of memory for contextual fear was also protein synthesis dependent. Our data reveal that altering the temporal spacing of synaptic stimulation and behavioral training improved hippocampal LTP and enhanced contextual long-term memory. From a broad perspective, these results suggest that the recruitment of protein synthesis-dependent processes important for long-term memory and for long-lasting forms of LTP can be modulated by the temporal profiles of behavioral training and synaptic stimulation.

Protein synthesis required for long-term memory is …

When the scientists repeated the experiment in the snail, and then gave the animal a modest number of tail shocks — which do not produce long-term memory in a naive snail — the memory they thought had been completely erased returned. This implies that synaptic connections that were lost were apparently restored.

N2 - Considerable evidence suggests that the formation of long-term memories requires a critical period of new protein synthesis. Recently, the notion that some of these newly synthesized proteins originate through local translation in neuronal dendrites has gained some traction. Here, we review the experimental support for this idea and highlight some of the key questions outstanding in this area.

The study provides evidence that long-term memory is not ..

Considerable evidence suggests that the formation of long-term memories requires a critical period of new protein synthesis. Recently, the notion that some of these newly synthesized proteins originate through local translation in neuronal dendrites has gained some traction. Here, we review the experimental support for this idea and highlight some of the key questions outstanding in this area.

AB - Considerable evidence suggests that the formation of long-term memories requires a critical period of new protein synthesis. Recently, the notion that some of these newly synthesized proteins originate through local translation in neuronal dendrites has gained some traction. Here, we review the experimental support for this idea and highlight some of the key questions outstanding in this area.

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correlate of memory, ie, long-term ..

N2 - We studied the involvement of hippocampal protein synthesis-, PKA-, and MAP kinase-dependent processes in short- (STM) and long-term memory (LTM) for inhibitory avoidance task. Fifteen minutes before or immediately after training rats received intrahippocampal infusions of vehicle, the protein synthesis inhibitor anisomycin, the PKA inhibitor Rp-cAMPs or the MAPKK inhibitor PD098059. The results show that STM recruits PKA and MAPK, whereas, LTM depends on PKA activity and protein synthesis during the early post-training period.

22/12/2017 · Long-term memory: Do ..

AB - We studied the involvement of hippocampal protein synthesis-, PKA-, and MAP kinase-dependent processes in short- (STM) and long-term memory (LTM) for inhibitory avoidance task. Fifteen minutes before or immediately after training rats received intrahippocampal infusions of vehicle, the protein synthesis inhibitor anisomycin, the PKA inhibitor Rp-cAMPs or the MAPKK inhibitor PD098059. The results show that STM recruits PKA and MAPK, whereas, LTM depends on PKA activity and protein synthesis during the early post-training period.

persistent long-term fear memory.

We studied the involvement of hippocampal protein synthesis-, PKA-, and MAP kinase-dependent processes in short- (STM) and long-term memory (LTM) for inhibitory avoidance task. Fifteen minutes before or immediately after training rats received intrahippocampal infusions of vehicle, the protein synthesis inhibitor anisomycin, the PKA inhibitor Rp-cAMPs or the MAPKK inhibitor PD098059. The results show that STM recruits PKA and MAPK, whereas, LTM depends on PKA activity and protein synthesis during the early post-training period.

Glossary | Linus Pauling Institute | Oregon State University

N2 - Spaced training is generally more effective than massed training for learning and memory, but the molecular mechanisms underlying this trial spacing effect remain poorly characterized. One potential molecular basis for the trial spacing effect is the differential modulation, by distinct temporal patterns of neuronal activity, of protein synthesis-dependent processes that contribute to the expression of specific forms of synaptic plasticity in the mammalian brain. Long-term potentiation (LTP) is a type of synaptic modification that may be important for certain forms of memory storage in the mammalian brain. To explore the role of protein synthesis in the trial spacing effect, we assessed the protein synthesis dependence of hippocampal LTP induced by 100-Hz tetraburst stimulation delivered to mouse hippocampal slices in either a temporally massed (20-s interburst interval) or spaced (5-min interburst interval) fashion. To extend our studies to the behavioral level, we trained mice in fear conditioning using either a massed or spaced training protocol and examined the sensitivity of long-term memory to protein synthesis inhibition. Larger LTP was induced by spaced stimulation in hippocampal slices. This improvement of synaptic potentiation following temporally spaced synaptic stimulation in slices was attenuated by bath application of an inhibitor of protein synthesis. Further, the maintenance of LTP induced by spaced synaptic stimulation was more sensitive to disruption by anisomycin than the maintenance of LTP elicited following massed stimulation. Temporally spaced behavioral training improved long-term memory for contextual but not for cued fear conditioning, and this enhancement of memory for contextual fear was also protein synthesis dependent. Our data reveal that altering the temporal spacing of synaptic stimulation and behavioral training improved hippocampal LTP and enhanced contextual long-term memory. From a broad perspective, these results suggest that the recruitment of protein synthesis-dependent processes important for long-term memory and for long-lasting forms of LTP can be modulated by the temporal profiles of behavioral training and synaptic stimulation.

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