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Is the organelle where photosynthesis takes place?

Only after many years of carrying spears for Dennis and Brian, and trying my own efforts, did I arrive at my current strategy, which has not been tried before that I know of. It is the . Few on Earth today are very enlightened or saintly (if anybody really is), but pursuing those goals is where the key to helping FE manifest in public may lie. Many inventors have , but they were all quickly silenced or otherwise removed from the scene, and violence has commonly been applied, although it is less common than it used to be, as the GCs’ bag of tricks has become more sophisticated. Before discussing my current approach, I will present the state of the FE field today, which also helps explain why I am taking my approach.

The tissue where most of the photosynthesis takes place is ..

, who had a scientific career at General Electric, also believed that the energy industry would welcome his solid-state FE device. He , expecting a tickertape parade. The opposite happened as shadowy interests destroyed his business deals, in a situation . Sparky did not take the hint and kept trying, which led to death threats. After their final threats, Sparky fled into hiding, where , and Sparky died the next week of a “heart attack.” Dying that way who played near Sparky’s level, and , and the event shortened his life. Dennis, Sparky, and many others like them lost their naïveté the hard way, but the field has been filled with newcomers who deny the reality of organized suppression as they charge forward with visions of riches and fame. It is perhaps the most common level of awareness where FE newcomers will be found. Most never develop anything worth suppressing so will never know any differently, and will enter and leave the field with that beginner's level of awareness intact. However, with enough people trying and either living to tell the tale, or others chronicling their dire fates, which , and the Internet spreading information like never before, few FE newcomers have much excuse for being unaware of the fates of their professional ancestors. The Internet is like the , or the , ratcheted up by a few orders of magnitude, and my website, this essay, and my comprise my attempt to take advantage of its potential.

Where does photosynthesis take place? - eschooltoday

09/11/2009 · What is the cell organelle where photosynthesis takes place

So far in this essay, mammals have received scant attention, but the mammals’ development before the Cenozoic is important for understanding their rise to dominance. The , called , first , about 260 mya, and they had key mammalian characteristics. Their jaws and teeth were markedly different from those of other reptiles; their teeth were specialized for more thorough chewing, which extracts more energy from food, and that was likely a key aspect of success more than 100 million years later. Cynodonts also developed a secondary palate so that they could chew and breathe at the same time, which was more energy efficient. Cynodonts eventually ceased the reptilian practice of continually growing and shedding teeth, and their specialized and precisely fitted teeth rarely changed. Mammals replace their teeth a . Along with tooth changes, jawbones changed roles. Fewer and stronger bones anchored the jaw, which allowed for stronger jaw musculature and led to the mammalian (clench your teeth and you can feel your masseter muscle). Bones previously anchoring the jaw were no longer needed and . The jaw’s rearrangement led to the most auspicious proto-mammalian development: . Mammals had relatively large brains from the very beginning and it was probably initially . Mammals are the only animals with a , which eventually led to human intelligence. As dinosaurian dominance drove mammals to the margins, where they lived underground and emerged to feed at night, mammals needed improved senses to survive, and auditory and olfactory senses heightened, as did the mammalian sense of touch. Increased processing of stimuli required a larger brain, and . In humans, only livers use more energy than brains. Cynodonts also had , which suggest that they were warm-blooded. Soon after the Permian extinction, a cynodont appeared that may have ; it was another respiratory innovation that served it well in those low-oxygen times, functioning like pump gills in aquatic environments.

Ornithischians started slowly and began to become common in the late Jurassic, just when the greatest biological innovation in the past 300 million years began: the appearance of , which first bloomed about 160 mya. Until that time, plant survival strategies included how to avoid being eaten by animals, whether it was bark, height, poisonous foliage, etc. Flowering plants adopted a different strategy by laying out a banquet for animals. The primary benefit for plants was , as well as attracting animals that did not seek to eat the plants and even ended up protecting them. The advantage for animals was an easily acquired and tasty meal. It was the greatest direct symbiosis between plants and animals ever, other than plants providing the oxygen that animals breathe, which is inadvertent. The two primary aspirations that seed plants achieve for successful reproduction are becoming fertilized via pollination and placing seeds where they can become viable offspring (and feces fertilizer could only help). Flowering plants, also called angiosperms, did not invent animal assistance from whole cloth. Some Jurassic insects have been found in association with (conifer) cones, and were probably doing the work that the wind previously performed. Like the , attracting animals to plants, to eat the pollen and nectar, was like a reproductive enzyme: animals carried the key to the lock to initiate reproduction. Other animals ate the fruit and thereby spread the seeds. That relationship did not become significant until the mid-Cretaceous. Angiosperms mature faster and produce more seeds than gymnosperms do. By the Cretaceous’s end, angiosperms dominated tropical biomes where ferns and cycads used to thrive, and they pushed conifers to the high latitudes, just as they have today. That tropical dominance is probably related to the insect population, which prefers warm climates. Angiosperms became Earth’s dominant plants after the and comprise more than 90% of plant species today.

Where does photosynthesis take place

organelle in which photosynthesis takes place granum stack of thylakoids located inside a chloroplast

Eyes began with that captured photons that through chemical cycles in a new kind of specialized cell: the nerve cell. Neurons are energy hogs and “high-tension electric lines” in animals. Human brain tissue uses ten times the energy that non-organ tissues elsewhere in the body do. The first eyes probably only detected light, and perhaps even infrared light, so that from life-giving/destroying volcanic vents, for instance. Hydrothermal vent shrimp today , which can be likened to naked retinas. The development of an eye with a lens was not a great evolutionary leap from rudimentary eyes, and a recent calculation shows how eyes with lenses could have developed from scratch in about a half-million years of evolution. may have had the first precursors to eyes. Once the eye evolved, its benefit was overwhelmingly obvious, and virtually all animals that live where vision would help them have eyes. Animals that adopted subterranean existences . It is thought today that the development of eyes was a key innovation in the arms race that would soon characterize the eon of animals, and might have even triggered it. The gene is common to all animals with eyes. As , that gene supports the widely accepted idea that . The purpose of all senses is to detect environmental information, which is in turn processed by the brain. Even brainless plants can detect light and modify their behavior, such as .

Also, just as no fundamentally new body plans appeared after the Cambrian Explosion, modern ecosystems seem constrained by body size. Body sizes have similar “slots,” and body sizes outside of those slots are relatively rare. However, successful innovation usually happens at the fringes. The fringes are where survival is marginal and innovations carry a high risk/reward ratio. Most innovations fail, but a successful one can become universally dominant, such as those biological innovations that are considered to have happened only . There have been countless failed biological innovations during life’s history on Earth, many of which might have seemed brilliant but did not survive the rigors of living.

16/01/2018 · In which organelle does photosynthesis occur
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Bio9- Photosynthesis Flashcards | Quizlet

Some people are more thoughtful. They donate to seemingly worthy causes and genuinely care about what is happening in the world, at least enough not to . When they hear of FE, they may ask their scientist relatives and associates what they know about it, they might contact their favorite environmental organization, and the like. The reply almost invariably is that FE is “impossible” or would be used to destroy the planet through either warfare or environmental destruction. They are advised to seek elsewhere for solutions to the world’s problems, and those seekers obediently drop the subject. They , FE seemed all-too-fantastic anyway, and such people generally fall into the category. If they live in the West, and I know the USA best, they probably listen to , watch and the , and follow the news on some “progressive” sites.

Start studying Bio9- Photosynthesis

However, for this Epochal Event, unlike the others, we actually have hints of what might lie ahead, and . One set of noteworthy visions comes from Michael Roads's , which is particularly inspiring and enlightening. Roads visited two future human realities, about 300 years into our future. They were on opposite ends of the fear/love spectrum. Both were technologically advanced compared to today and both had genetic engineering, but the made Los Angeles seem like , while a Disney movie could not begin to depict the . Visions such as those make it clear to me that our future will be what make it. What we choose to do, , determines what our tomorrow looks like. The fear-based world that Roads visited was filled with victims, from top to bottom. Those in that heavenly world all acted like true creators, and creators create with love. , and learning that lesson be the reason why we are here, playing this life-on-Earth game.

What parts of the photosynthesis formula takes place in the Light ..

Those energy concepts are real ones that all economies face, and financial measures only reflect them. In the USA, just , Peak Oil was . In 1973, the first oil crisis hit, and have declined since then. Wages were only a reflection of energy consumption, which also peaked in the 1970s for the USA and by that real wages per hour have. The USA’s declining standard of living since the 1970s was minor compared to the devastation inflicted on developing nations. The was initiated by the oil price shocks of the 1970s. Many nations have yet to recover. When the oil price shocks hit, and other measures were inflicted by Western institutions on developing nations. As people such as , those policies were intentionally used to enslave those nations. On the world stage, the self-image promoted by the West is that of blundering do-gooders. As people such as , it is a false narrative designed to hide corrupt motivation from the outset. It is simply more of that . I have written a great deal elsewhere on , how the resembles fairy tales, how professions and industries have , how the , just like genocidal invasions, were always economically motivated, usually to secure energy resources. This essay does not need to belabor those trends, but anybody not can clearly see that the game being played on the global stage is the same one that has been played: economically exploiting others. Because industrialized civilization is beginning to run out of the energy sources that the West used to industrialize, a universal decline in humanity’s standard of living has begun. The USA has transitioned from the land of opportunity to a deindustrializing economy in which bankers and other capitalists are designed to rob one class in favor of another. The aspect of those machinations is painfully obvious. The mind-control techniques that Orwell and Huxley wrote about have been turned into sciences, and there are even “competitions” between their dystopian visions to see .

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