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Translations and the Greek Text - Bible views

Most introductions to the New Testament have at least a brief discussion of the Synoptic Problem. As critics of the Two-Document Hypothesis (2DH) have observed, the treatment of the Synoptic Problem is often far from even-handed, with various theorists either dismissing other theories as inadequate or not considering them at all. Kümmel’s otherwise masterful introduction to the New Testament () provides a detailed history of scholarship but is lacking in a full consideration of alternatives to the 2DH. gives careful attention to various logically possible theories, while ultimately favoring the 2DH. Both and are intended for the introductory student. Two online resources are available oriented to the novice, one maintained by Stephen Carlson () and the other by Mark Goodacre ().

An accessible defense of the documentary hypothesis by one of its leading proponents

Revives the Griesbach Hypothesis. Lachmann's argument also supports Mk being a conflation. Eschews reliance on hypothetical sources (i.e., Q). Calls attention to the pattern of alternating agreement over Mark's order between Mt and Lk, in addition to much noticed absence of agreement between Mt and Lk over Mk's order.

Web Directory: English Bible Versions - Bible Researcher

Johannine Comma (1 John 5:7) - King James Version Today

Orchard & Riley's book has three parts. Thefirst, by Riley, explains how Matthew can beviewed as an original composition on its own, andhow the Griesbach Hypothesis explains Mark'sorder. The second part, by Orchard, is a veryuseful collection of the external evidence by thePatristics on the authorship and order of thesynoptics. The last part is a “tentativereconstruction&#!$*; of the of the creation of Mark's gospel.

Farmer's ground-breaking work is almostsinglehandedly responsible for the revival of theGriesbach Hypothesis. It has two major theses:(1) that the reasons for switching from theGriesbach hypothesis to the Two-Source Hypothesisin the first place were fallacious (Lachmann'sFallacy and theological commitments), and (2) afresh argument for the Griesbach Hypothesis thatgreatly disparages hypothetical sources.

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The opposite position - that Mark has altered the sequence of Matthew or Luke - offers no clarification in any of the cases mentioned (Wood offers other examples), so that the hypothesis of Griesbach, according to which Mark has excerpted the other two synoptists, is disproved, as well as the theory that Mark has used and abbreviated either Matthew or Luke.

Tuckett's article is a good place to start for anintroductory description of the Synoptic Problemand the best brief argument for the Two-SourceHypothesis, the most widely held solution to theSynoptic Problem.

Synoptic Problem - Biblical Studies - Oxford Bibliographies
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If one argues that the order is strictly chronological, ..

Sanders & Davies's textbook presents a good,solid introduction to the Synoptic Problem andits difficulties. They conclude that theTwo-Source Hypothesis is too simple and cannotexplain all the evidence, especially the amountand substantiality of the minor agreementsbetween Matthew and Luke against Mark, and theinevitable questions (and difficulties) of theliterary relationship between Mark and Q. Theynote that most scholars who hold to the 2SH,actually complicate it by suggesting additionalhypothetical documents, e.g. proto-Mark ordifferent recensions of Q.

This hypothesis argues that Matthew was the ..

Named after his hours of research into the synopticproblem, Hawkins's work lays out in meticulous detail thelinguistic and literary evidence that supports theTwo-Source Hypothesis. It is virtuallyindispensible for any serious analysis of the 2STand is still current despite its date.

A Gospel Problem - Synoptic Challenges | Theology Mix

Goodacre presents a readable introduction,suitable for students, to the data andperplexities of the Synoptic Problem. It lays outthe modern case for Markan priority and, unlikemany other introductory treatments, presents theevidence for both sides of the Q hypothesis.

A Gospel Problem – Synoptic Challenges

An introductory level treatment of the Synoptic Problem that argues for Markan priority and the dependence of Luke on Matthew (hence, the Mark without Q (Farrer) Hypothesis (MwQH)). Critical of the 2DH, especially the arguments in favor of positing Q, Goodacre offers a careful and fair-minded analysis of the Synoptic Problem. Some attention is given to the Two-Gospel (Griesbach) Hypothesis (2GH), but none to complex theories.

The Griesbach Hypothesis and the Two ..

Designed as a basic introduction for undergraduates and the informed public, the first chapter of this text explains the data and arguments that go into the formulation of the 2DH. Kloppenborg compares and contrasts the 2DH with the explanations of the same data by the Two-Gospel (Griesbach) Hypothesis (2GH) and Mark without Q (Farrer) Hypothesis (MwQH).

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