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Natural Selection: Charles Darwin & Alfred Russel Wallace

Whilst on board the Beagle I was quiteorthodox, and I remember being heartily laughed at by several of theofficers (though themselves orthodox) for quoting the Bible as anunanswerable authority on some point of morality.

 To use Charles Darwin's own words from his Autobiography.

As Darwinian scholar Joseph Carroll of the University of Missouri–St. Louis puts it in his introduction to a modern reprint of Darwin's work: "The Origin of Species has special claims on our attention. It is one of the two or three most significant works of all time—one of those works that fundamentally and permanently alter our vision of the world...It is argued with a singularly rigorous consistency but it is also eloquent, imaginatively evocative, and rhetorically compelling." Carroll, Joseph, ed. (2003). On the origin of species by means of natural selection. Peterborough, Ontario: Broadview. p. 15. ISBN 1-55111-337-6.

After reviewing the letter, Charles Darwin accepted the offer.

Accordingly I read with great care Pearson on theCreeds and a few other books on divinity; and as I did not thenin the least doubt the strict and literal truth of every word inthe Bible, I soon persuaded myself that our Creed must be fullyaccepted....

Charles Darwin's medical course had been based in Edinburgh and whilst there Darwin seemed to show more real enthusiasm for private studies in Natural History than for his medical studies.

Both Henslow and Sedgwick were impressed by Darwin's enthusiasm and abilities as an amateur naturalist and Henslow's contacts led to Darwin being offered a position as naturalist on a Royal Naval ship that was to sail on a long term voyage to the coasts of South America and beyond.

Charles Darwin: The Theory of Evolution - Space and …

Coyne, Jerry A. (2009). Why Evolution is True. Oxford: Oxford University Press. p. 17. ISBN 0-19-923084-6. "In The Origin, Darwin provided an alternative hypothesis for the development, diversification, and design of life. Much of that book presents evidence that not only supports evolution but at the same time refutes creationism. In Darwin's day, the evidence for his theories was compelling but not completely decisive."

John H. Wahlert (11 June 2001). "The Mount House, Shrewsbury, England (Charles Darwin)". Darwin and Darwinism. Baruch College. Retrieved 26 November 2008.

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The ‘root-brain’ hypothesis of Charles and Francis Darwin

Darwin, C., "The Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection, or the Preservation of Favoured Races in the Struggle For Life", London, John Murrary, (1859) p. 490

Darwin's Theory of Evolution: Definition & Evidence

Darwin had convinced most scientists that evolution as descent with modification was correct, and he was regarded as a great scientist who had revolutionised ideas. Though few agreed with his view that "natural selection has been the main but not the exclusive means of modification", he was honoured in June 1909 by more than 400 officials and scientists from across the world who met in Cambridge to commemorate his centenary and the fiftieth anniversary of On the Origin of Species. During this period, which has been called "the eclipse of Darwinism", scientists proposed various alternative evolutionary mechanisms which eventually proved untenable. The development of the modern evolutionary synthesis from the 1930s to the 1950s, incorporating natural selection with population genetics and Mendelian genetics, brought broad scientific consensus that natural selection was the basic mechanism of evolution. This synthesis set the frame of reference for modern debates and refinements of the theory.

Darwins hypothesis was the theory of evolution by natural selection.

By mid-March, Darwin was speculating in his Red Notebook on the possibility that "one species does change into another" to explain the geographical distribution of living species such as the rheas, and extinct ones such as the strange Macrauchenia which resembled a giant guanaco. His thoughts on lifespan, asexual reproduction and sexual reproduction developed in his "B" notebook around mid-July on to variation in offspring "to adapt & alter the race to changing world" explaining the Galápagos tortoises, mockingbirds and rheas. He sketched branching descent, then a genealogical branching of a single evolutionary tree, in which "It is absurd to talk of one animal being higher than another", discarding Lamarck's independent lineages progressing to higher forms.

Charles Darwin's Theory of Pangenesis | The Embryo …


Despite paternal opposition Darwin won the support of his maternal uncle, the rich pottery magnate Josiah Wedgwood II - for whose opinions the elder Darwin had a great deal of respect, such that the younger Darwin, whilst never formally abandoning what would presumably have been a respectable career as a clergyman, soon found his feet on the timber decking of HMS Beagle on the way to South America.

Darwin on the Evolution Trail - video - Evolution of life

The book was not only a best seller but also one of the most influential scientific books of all time. Yet it took time for its full argument to take hold. Within a few decades, most scientists accepted that evolution and the descent of species from common ancestors were real. But natural selection had a harder time finding acceptance. In the late 1800s many scientists who called themselves Darwinists actually preferred a Lamarckian explanation for the way life changed over time. It would take the discovery of and in the twentieth century to make natural selection not just attractive as an explanation, but unavoidable.

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