Call us toll-free

Quick academic help

Don't let the stress of school get you down! Have your essay written by a professional writer before the deadline arrives.

Calculate the price


275 Words


The breakdown and resynthesis of phosphagen in …

The continuous breakdown and resynthesis of prokaryotic mRNA allows for the fast production of new kinds of proteins and best explains the rapid adaptation of micro-organisms to a changing environment. In this way mRNA levels can regulate protein synthesis and cellular growth. However, the inherent instability of prokaryotic mRNA has been one of the main obstacles to the profitable production of proteins of interest in industrial micro-organisms. The ribonucleases present, RNA chaperones and a plethora of small non-coding RNAs (sRNAs) contribute to the network of post-transcriptional control of gene expression. RNAs differ in their susceptibility to degradation by endonucleases and exonucleases due to differences in their sequence and structure. The analysis of mRNA degradation has been difficult in all systems and, despite numerous studies, the process of RNA degradation is still poorly understood. Recent results appear to show that the similarities between RNA decay in the pro- and eukaryotic systems are greater than were generally believed. It is important to study RNA metabolism in different systems to allow universally conserved features to be recognized.

Breakdown and Resynthesis of Phosphorylcreatine and Adenosine Triphosphate in …

The human body is also capable of resynthesising ATP to allow it to continue producing energy. To do this it must use energy to reverse the equation shown above. This is known as an endothermic reaction as it requires energy. The breakdown of ATP is called exothermic as it produces energy. The process of breaking down and resynthesising ATP is efficient at producing energy as less energy is required to resynthesis the ATP than is made to break it down. Here is the Resynthesis equation:

Breakdown and resynthesis of PAA in solid phase 295 REFERENCES 1

Creatine Phosphate (CP) High energy chemical fuel
CP stores in mucles (limited), the rest is replenished by the ATP-CP system High energy bond- breaks to release energy for the APT-CP system aka: lactic acid system, fast glycolysis aka: oxidative system aka: phosphate energy system, phosphocreatine system, phosphagen system aka: slow glycolysis
Fast resysthesis of ATP
No O2 required
3X ATP production of ATP-CP system Disadvantages:
By product of H+ ions- cause fatigue
Less ATP production than aerobic system Advantages:
Highest yeild of ATP
Indefinate energy suppier
No toxic by-products
Allows lactic acid to be oxidised to become non-toxic Disadvantages
Slowest ATP resythesis
Fats have large O2 demand Advantages
Immediate ATP resynthesis
Simple process
Used for maximal intensity exercise (95%+ max HR) Disadvantages:
Lowest yeild of ATP
Limited CP muscle stores tour de france
marathon Nutri grain iron man triathlon netball - leading out for ball AFL - running to kick for goal Tennis -
running to reach ball high jump
javelin Golf drive shot put 100m sprint Energy
Physical Activity Adenosine
Triphosphate Adenosine
Diphosphate for
contraction catabolism
(break down of ATP) The breakdown of a high energy bond between Phosphates in an ATP molecule to produce ADP is what releases the energy required
Proteins Fats/ Triglycerides Converted to AMINO ACIDS as food fuel

Stored as MUSCLES within the body Nuts Full cream milk Butter/margarine Cheese
Icecream Converted to FREE FATTY ACIDS (FFA's) as a food fuel

Stored as ADIPOSE TISSUE around body 20-25% >66% 15% 10% Most concentrated fuel in terms of energy
Predominantly used for energy production at rest as the complexity for the chemical breakdown of fats makes energy release too slow for the ATP demands for exercise, unless CHO stores deplete.

These energy systems can be developed with appropriate sessions. Glycolytic - the breakdown of glucose by enzymes into pyruvic and lactic acids with the release of energy (ATP). Phosphagen - the use of creatine phosphate stored in the muscles to generate energy (ATP). Denadal & Higino (2004) concluded from their research that 8 minutes is all you should take during track speed workouts over anything up to 800 metres - even those going deep into lactate build up. The aerobic energy system utilises proteins, fats and carbohydrate (glycogen) for resynthesising ATP.

Breakdown And Resynthesis Of Atp - …

Although the amount of tissue in the body tends to remain fairly constant over time, those tissues are actually undergoing an essentially continuous process of breakdown and resynthesis; the two processes together are generally referred to as tissue turnover. This holds for protein-based tissues such as plasma proteins and skeletal muscle which undergo a continuous process of breakdown and resynthesis. Fundamentally what occurs in terms of the amount of these tissues present depends on the long-term relationship between protein synthesis and breakdown.

Order now

    As soon as we have completed your work, it will be proofread and given a thorough scan for plagiarism.


    Our clients' personal information is kept confidential, so rest assured that no one will find out about our cooperation.


    We write everything from scratch. You'll be sure to receive a plagiarism-free paper every time you place an order.


    We will complete your paper on time, giving you total peace of mind with every assignment you entrust us with.


    Want something changed in your paper? Request as many revisions as you want until you're completely satisfied with the outcome.

  • 24/7 SUPPORT

    We're always here to help you solve any possible issue. Feel free to give us a call or write a message in chat.

Order now
  • You submit your order instructions

  • We assign an appropriate expert

  • The expert takes care of your task

  • We send it to you upon completion

Order now
  • 37 684

    Delivered orders

  • 763

    Professional writers

  • 311

    Writers online

  • 4.8/5

    Average quality score

Order now
  • Kim

    "I have always been impressed by the quick turnaround and your thoroughness. Easily the most professional essay writing service on the web."

  • Paul

    "Your assistance and the first class service is much appreciated. My essay reads so well and without your help I'm sure I would have been marked down again on grammar and syntax."

  • Ellen

    "Thanks again for your excellent work with my assignments. No doubts you're true experts at what you do and very approachable."

  • Joyce

    "Very professional, cheap and friendly service. Thanks for writing two important essays for me, I wouldn't have written it myself because of the tight deadline."

  • Albert

    "Thanks for your cautious eye, attention to detail and overall superb service. Thanks to you, now I am confident that I can submit my term paper on time."

  • Mary

    "Thank you for the GREAT work you have done. Just wanted to tell that I'm very happy with my essay and will get back with more assignments soon."

Ready to tackle your homework?

Place an order