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Ammonia Synthesis Reactors will be available on

The aquarium nitrogen cycle is simply put the method by which diffusion from the gills of the fish and their wastes, as well as other decomposing organic matter (such as uneaten fish food) is converted from Ammonia or Ammonium to Nitrites to Nitrates.
Then Nitrates are then either converted to free nitrogen (which is a gas that will not remain in the water) by plants or de-nitrifying anaerobic bacteria, or you remove/lower your nitrates by way of regular water changes, or by using chemical absorbents such as Purigen.

Without this process going on in your aquarium/pond the keeping of fish or other inhabitants would be nearly impossible as ammonia is highly toxic in even small quantities (ammonium is not, but is quickly converted to ammonia at higher pH), nitrites are also toxic although not as much as ammonia. Nitrates are not toxic to most freshwater fish except in high amounts with long term exposure (this is not the case for many saltwater inhabitants though).
So with this in mind it is important to have an “established aquarium nitrogen cycle” in your aquarium or pond.

Design 001 AmmoniaSynthesis OpenLoop will be available on

What follows is a brief outline of what is known and some speculation on how new research may be applied to developing this information to better assess the risks associated with the production of DCA as a by-product of the chlorination of drinking-water.

As used commercially, ammonia is both caustic and hazardous.

It is often called anhydrous ammonia.

It can be establish from the different firm like industry, manufacturing, and etc.
To relate, apply the theories and principles taught in this academic institution the researcher come up with the idea to study the process of ammonia as well as its uses and conditions that are related to it, from the biggest up to the smallest details.

To elaborate further:
ammonia is a colorless gas with a distinguishing pungent odor
has a vast variety of applications
constitutes nitrogen and hydrogen atoms; hence it is usually derived from light hydrocarbons like methane and ethane
has one nitrogen atom and three hydrogen atoms tightly bonded with the formula NH3.

This term emphasizes the absence of water in the material.
CONCEPTS
Feedstock
Natural gas is highly combustible odorless and colorless hydrocarbon gas largely composed of methane.

Steps for a long term solution to lower ammonia levels

The ammonia is then stored either in pressurized cylinders or as an aqueous solution.

Also keep in mind that many pathogens such as pseudomonas are usually present in a healthy aquarium, but when fish are stressed, the fish are in poor health due to poor feeding and lack of proper minerals, and/or water conditions are less than desirable- these pathogens will be opportunistic and cause a disease in the fish.
We used this method for our Aquarium Maintenance route for years and never lost a fish to Ammonia or nitrite poisoning, and disease transfer was minimal.
It should also be noted that when done properly, you will rarely see ammonia levels rise past .50 ppm in the aged media method.

A product that does not necessarily help speed up the cycling process itself, but de-toxifies the ammonia and nitrites during this process, allowing for less stress on fish while leaving the ammonia/nitrites still bio available to nitrifying bacteria is Prime.
See product link:

* Consider zeolite in the filters to absorb some of the ammonia (FRESHWATER ONLY!).
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Monochloramine is the only useful ammonia-chloramine disinfectant.

This page describes the Haber Process for the manufacture of ammonia from nitrogen and hydrogen, and then goes on to explain the reasons for the conditions used in the process. It looks at the effect of temperature, pressure and catalyst on the composition of the equilibrium mixture, the rate of the reaction and the economics of the process.

Reactor Project: Ammonia Synthesis - Rice University

The Haber Process combines nitrogen from the air with hydrogen derived mainly from natural gas (methane) into ammonia. The reaction is reversible and the production of ammonia is exothermic.

Uses and Production of Ammonia; Haber Process for Ammonia Synthesis;



The aquarium nitrogen cycle is simply put the method by which diffusion from the gills of the fish and their wastes, as well as other decomposing organic matter (such as uneaten fish food) is converted from Ammonia or Ammonium to Nitrites to Nitrates.
Then Nitrates are then either converted to free nitrogen (which is a gas that will not remain in the water) by plants or de-nitrifying anaerobic bacteria, or you remove/lower your nitrates by way of regular water changes, or by using chemical absorbents such as Purigen.

Without this process going on in your aquarium/pond the keeping of fish or other inhabitants would be nearly impossible as ammonia is highly toxic in even small quantities (ammonium is not, but is quickly converted to ammonia at higher pH), nitrites are also toxic although not as much as ammonia. Nitrates are not toxic to most freshwater fish except in high amounts with long term exposure (this is not the case for many saltwater inhabitants though).
So with this in mind it is important to have an “established aquarium nitrogen cycle” in your aquarium or pond.




Nitrogen is an element vital to all life processes on Earth. Nitrogen is very important in our biosphere, where nitrogen comprises 78% of the atmosphere, and is part of every living tissue. It is a component of amino acids, proteins and nucleic acids. With the exception of carbon, nitrogen is the most universal element of life. Life could not exist without nitrogen. .
Nitrogen is essential for organic development; nitrogenous compounds are also required by some organisms for metabolic functions and respiration. Unfortunately, free nitrogen in the atmosphere is not in a form that is usable by plants or animals. Because of its stable structural formula, it is relatively inert and does not combine readily with other elements.

All living organisms, from fish to plants, have great quantities of assimilated nitrogen in their tissues. Nitrogen is a fundamental ingredient for the formation of proteins and nucleic acids. Every organism you place in your aquarium adds nitrogen based compounds; from fish to coral, to live rock, to plants.
The introduction of food also adds nitrogen. Dead or alive, they are organic masses, and possess the same nitrogenous attributes as the fish, plants, invertebrates you added to your aquarium.
Inorganic nitrogen is added two ways: the atmosphere and new water. Atmospheric nitrogen (N2) is incorporated into our aquarium water by way of nitrogen fixing bacteria and by Cyanobacteria (bacteria that obtain their energy through photosynthesis) as ammonia (NH3). Some Cyanobacteria fix nitrogen gas, which cannot be used by plants, into ammonia, nitrites (NO2-) or nitrates (NO3-). Nitrates can then be utilized by plants and converted to nucleic acids and protein.
Inorganic nitrogenous compounds from our tap or well water also enter our aquarium, often as Nitrites or Nitrates. Reverse Osmosis can remove much of this.
For more about tap water, please see this article:

Ammonia Synthesis Reactors | Chemical Reactor | Ammonia

At each pass of the gases through the reactor, only about 15% of the nitrogen and hydrogen converts to ammonia. (This figure also varies from plant to plant.) By continual recycling of the unreacted nitrogen and hydrogen, the overall conversion is about 98%.

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