Quick academic help
Don't let the stress of school get you down! Have your essay written by a professional writer before the deadline arrives.
Protein folding in the endoplasmic reticulum Protein synthesis
Translation of an mRNA message into its polypeptide product on the ribosome is a polymerization reaction, and can be divided into three phases: initiation, elongation, and termination. Initiation requires the assembly of the translational machinery from its individual components to form a complex that is primed for peptide bond formation. Formation of this initiation complex […]
Decoding of the protein message occurs at the ribo-some, after prior attachment of amino acids to the tRNA molecules. Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetases (AARSs) are the family of enzymes responsible for covalent attachment of each amino acid to its correct, or cognate, tRNA molecule. This first step in protein synthesis is responsible for establishing the rules of […]
What are the two phases of protein synthesis called
DNA, messenger RNA, transfer RNA, ribosomes, multiple enzymes, and amino acids are the various elements involved in the synthesis.
A protein comprises long chains of amino acids that are bonded together.
The energy of the proton gradient in turn drives synthesis of the high-energy phosphate bonds in ATP, the common energy currency of the cell used to drive a huge variety of reactions and .
what happens in the stages of protein synthesis
The most vital aspect of proteins is that arrangement of amino acids determines their function.
Steps of Protein Synthesis
There are three major phases:Each of these phases are further subdivided into smaller steps.
In this phase, the pattern of nucleotides in the double coil DNA form are genetically converted into one strand of messenger RNA.
PROTEINS are polymers of amino acids joined by peptide bonds (proteins are therefore also known as polypeptides). The number and order of the amino acids contained in a particular protein are prescribed by the DNA sequence of that protein’s gene. The mechanism by which a genetic message is translated from its nucleic acid form to […]
Why choose our assistance?
As soon as we have completed your work, it will be proofread and given a thorough scan for plagiarism.
Our clients' personal information is kept confidential, so rest assured that no one will find out about our cooperation.
We write everything from scratch. You'll be sure to receive a plagiarism-free paper every time you place an order.
We will complete your paper on time, giving you total peace of mind with every assignment you entrust us with.
Want something changed in your paper? Request as many revisions as you want until you're completely satisfied with the outcome.
We're always here to help you solve any possible issue. Feel free to give us a call or write a message in chat.
Protein Synthesis - GitHub Pages
Many cellular components play a role in protein synthesis (Fig. 1). Even in relatively simple bacteria, translation of a single polypeptide from its genetic message requires dozens of participants—proteins, RNAs, and nucleotides—working together as carriers, catalysts, energy sources, and cofactors. Peptide bond formation takes place rapidly at the ribosome, with as many as 40 amino […]
Ninth grade Lesson Simulating Protein Synthesis (Day 2 of 2)
Initiation of protein synthesis requires assembly of the ribosomal subunits, messenger RNA, and initiator tRNA at the start codon. This organization of translational components is facilitated by protein initiation factors (Fig. 5). FIGURE 5 Translation initiation. In prokaryotes, three initiation factors are responsible for assembling the initiation complex prior to decoding of a message. The […]
Initiation of Protein Synthesis - CliffsNotes
The heart of protein biosynthesis lies in the elongation cycle, with its sequential decoding of mRNA codons to assemble the useful portion of the polypeptide. Elongation can be further broken down into three phases— aminoacyl-tRNA decoding, peptide bond formation, and translocation of the new peptidyl-tRNA (Fig. 7). A. Decoding According to Base Pairing Comparison of […]
Initiation of Protein Synthesis
When the mRNA stop codon is reached, the fully synthesized protein does not simply fall off the ribosome. Release factors (RFs) are the protein assistants that recognize the presence of a stop codon in the ribosomal A-site and trigger cleavage of the polypeptide from the P-site tRNA (Fig. 9). In prokaryotes, RF1 hydrolyzes the protein […]
Part Three: Gene Expression and Protein Synthesis
Following release of the synthesized protein, the ribo-some contains an empty tRNA in the P-site or E-site, and mRNA is still bound with the stop codon in the A-site. This arrangement of components is the post-termination complex. A protein known as the ribosome recycling factor (RRF) promotes the dissociation of this complex in preparation for […]
How it works
You submit your order instructions
We assign an appropriate expert
The expert takes care of your task
We send it to you upon completion
Average quality score
"I have always been impressed by the quick turnaround and your thoroughness. Easily the most professional essay writing service on the web."
"Your assistance and the first class service is much appreciated. My essay reads so well and without your help I'm sure I would have been marked down again on grammar and syntax."
"Thanks again for your excellent work with my assignments. No doubts you're true experts at what you do and very approachable."
"Very professional, cheap and friendly service. Thanks for writing two important essays for me, I wouldn't have written it myself because of the tight deadline."
"Thanks for your cautious eye, attention to detail and overall superb service. Thanks to you, now I am confident that I can submit my term paper on time."
"Thank you for the GREAT work you have done. Just wanted to tell that I'm very happy with my essay and will get back with more assignments soon."